- Herschel 400 List (UMa) -

And (6) Cep (6) Del (3) LMi (10) Pup (5) UMi (1)
Aql (2) Cet (6) Dra (5) Lyn (3) Sct (2) Vir (24)
Aqr (1) CMa (2) Eri (1) Mon (14) Ser (1) Vul (5)
Ari (1) Cnc (1) Gem (9) Oph (3) Sex (4)
Aur (5) Com (24) Her (2) Ori (9) Sgr (4)
Boo (4) Crv (1) Hya (2) Peg (4) Tau (3)
Cam (5) CVn (16) Lac (2) Per (8) Tri (1)
Cas (16) Cyg (9) Leo (19) Psc (2) UMa (45)

H 1.78 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_095022.23_+721643.13_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC2985, UGC5253, H1.78
Type: GLX, SY1
Constellation: UMa
Coordinates: 09h50m22.23s / +72°16'43.13"
Brightness / Size: 10m4 / 4.6x3.4'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 5
Fairly small, roundish with brighter, compact core. At 100x the core appears very bright. An evident field star on the eastern edge.

EASY
René Merting
12.5" f/4.5, 144x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 144x klein und diffus, zum Zentrum heller werdend
EASY

H 1.168 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_101816.98_+412527.77_8_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 8×8'
Name: NGC3184, UGC5557, H1.168
Type: GLX
Constellation: UMa
Coordinates: 10h18m16.98s / +41°25'27.77"
Brightness / Size: 9m6 / 7.6x7.4'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4, NELM 6m0, SQM-L 21.0
Fairly large, diffuse, roundish without distinct core, evenly bright. A faint foreground star at the northern edge. At 80x slightly oval.

EASY
René Merting
12.5" f/4.5, 144x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 72x ein großer, zarter Nebelschimmer - die Galaxie wirkt nach Süden etwas aufgefächerter und diffuser - im Norden steht ein schwacher Stern am Rand, größte Helligkeit in der Galaxie leicht unterhalb des Sterns - bei 144x noch diffuser, leicht unregelmäßiges Zentrum mit kompakter Kondensation insgesamt schön anzusehen
EASY

H 1.173 (GLX)

../dss/dss1_115255.36_+365910.96_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS I - 5×5'
Name: NGC3941, UGC6857, H1.173
Type: GLX, SY2
Constellation: UMa
Coordinates: 11h52m55.36s / +36°59'10.96"
Brightness / Size: 10m3 / 3.5x2.5'
Robert Zebahl
120mm f/5, 48x, Bortle 6, NELM 5m0+, SQM-L 19.5
High surface brightness. At 23x compact, roundish, conspicuous, almost visible with direct vision. At 48x and 66x very distinct, compact core with rather small, roundish, faint halo. Well visible with direct vision.
EASY

H 1.194 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_112608.58_+433509.30_7_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 7×7'
Name: NGC3675, UGC6439, H1.194
Type: GLX
Constellation: UMa
Coordinates: 11h26m08.58s / +43°35'09.30"
Brightness / Size: 10m2 / 6.2x3.6'
Robert Zebahl
120mm f/5, 23x, Bortle 6, NELM 5m0+, SQM-L 19.5
At 23x and 48x slightly oval, getting a bit brighter towards the middle.
MODERATE

H 1.199 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_101954.99_+453258.88_8_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 8×8'
Name: NGC3198, UGC5572, H1.199
Type: GLX
Constellation: UMa
Coordinates: 10h19m54.99s / +45°32'58.88"
Brightness / Size: 10m3 / 7.8x2.6'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 5
Relatively thin without distinct core area. Barely seen with direct vision.
EASY

H 1.201 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_114607.78_+472940.20_6_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 6×6'
Name: NGC3877, UGC6745, H1.201
Group: M109 Group
Type: GLX
Constellation: UMa
Coordinates: 11h46m07.78s / +47°29'40.20"
Brightness / Size: 11m0 / 5.3x1.2'
Robert Zebahl
120mm f/5, 66x, Bortle 6, NELM 5m0+, SQM-L 19.5
Relatively faint, elongated, evenly bright. Almost N-S oriented. Chi UMa interferes and was placed outside of the field of view.

MODERATE
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 5
Obvious with averted vision while looking at 63/chi UMa. Relatively thin, very elongated with tapering endings, brightening & broadening toward the middle.

EASY
René Merting
12.5" f/4.5, 206x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 36x zeigt sich die Galaxie bereits leicht länglich mit Helligkeitszunahme zum Zentrum hin, das leicht nach Nordwesten verschoben scheint - bei 72x eine schöne helle 4:1 elongierte Galaxie mit langgestrecktem Zentrum - bei 111x zeigt sich die Galaxie gut definiert, Kern leicht länglich - bei 206x blitzt das Zentrum des Kerns stellar auf und die Galaxie wirkt in der Mitte breiter als an den Enden, die diffus auslaufen
EASY

H 1.202 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_115341.75_+475131.62_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3949, UGC6869, H1.202
Group: M109 Group
Type: GLX
Constellation: UMa
Coordinates: 11h53m41.75s / +47°51'31.62"
Brightness / Size: 10m6 / 2.9x1.7'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Barely seen with direct vision as roundish brightening.

EASY
René Merting
12.5" f/4.5, 144x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 144x leicht elliptisch, diffus und homogen hell - ganz leichter Anstieg der Helligkeit zum Zentrum hin
EASY

H 1.203 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_115249.45_+440714.63_6_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 6×6'
Name: NGC3938, UGC6856, H1.203
Type: GLX
Constellation: UMa
Coordinates: 11h52m49.45s / +44°07'14.63"
Brightness / Size: 10m4 / 5.2x5.0'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
At 37x nearly evenly bright, round, fairly large. At 96x slight brightening toward the middle. Seemed intermittently mottled.

EASY
René Merting
B 18x70, SQM-L 21.5
die Galaxie steht so ziemlich im Niemandsland (im FG keine Sterne in unmittelbarer Umgebung sichtbar), aber sie ist trotzdem sofort auffällig - indirekt ein homogen heller diffuser Nebelschimmer - direkt ist sie auch ganz knapp sichtbar
EASY

H 1.205 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_092202.65_+505835.32_9_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 9×9'
Name: NGC2841, UGC4966, H1.205
Type: GLX
Constellation: UMa
Coordinates: 09h22m02.65s / +50°58'35.32"
Brightness / Size: 9m2 / 8.1x3.5'
Overall a very bright galaxy, which can be seen with smaller telescopes and is easy to find. Northwest less than 1° you can find the vividly colored carbon star RT UMa!

Robert Zebahl
4.5" f/8, 28x, Bortle 6
Obviously elongated with brighter, oval core area. Well seen with averted vision.

MODERATE
120mm f/5, 40x, NELM 4m5
Despite nearly full moon (angular distance about 50°) the galaxy was quite well visible with averted vision and apparent slightly condensed, oval.

MODERATE
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Very bright, oval, brightening toward the middle. Core area obviously brighter, at 37x roundish, at 150x slightly oval.

EASY
René Merting
12.5" f/4.5, 72x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 36x zeigt sich die Galaxie recht hell und leicht elliptisch südwestlich eines helleren Sterns - das Zentrum ist deutlich heller, die Ränder diffus - bei 72x geschätzte Ausdehnung 2:1, das Zentrum ist kompakt - in der Galaxie werden zwei Vordergrundsterne im nördlichen Bereich erkennbar
EASY

H 1.206 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_120534.19_+503220.50_6_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 6×6'
Name: NGC4088, UGC7081, Arp18, H1.206
Type: GLX
Constellation: UMa
Coordinates: 12h05m34.19s / +50°32'20.50"
Brightness / Size: 10m6 / 5.6x2.1'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 6+, NELM 5m3, SQM-L 19.7
At 37x obviously elongated, rather evenly bright. At 80x the center appeared bulgy. I should have a closer look next time.

EASY
René Merting
12.5" f/4.5, 160x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 36x leuchtet NGC 4088 schön heraus und bildet ein spitzes Dreieck mit zwei Sternen - Elongation 2:1 - bei 72x gleichmäßig hell wie ein Linse - bei 111x leicht gemottelt, nordöstlich ist abseits ein schwacher Stern erkennbar - bei 160x wirkt die Galaxie im Westen heller
EASY

H 1.214 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_140501.61_+533943.95_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC5474, UGC9013, H1.214
Type: GLX
Constellation: UMa
Coordinates: 14h05m01.61s / +53°39'43.95"
Brightness / Size: 10m8 / 4.8x4.3'
Robert Zebahl
S 60mm, 23x, Bortle 7
Tried with a low cost spotting scope.

FAILED
4.5" f/8, 75x, Bortle 4, NELM 6m0
Relatively faint, roundish to slightly oval, evenly bright.

MODERATE
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Relatively large, faint, nearly round with slightly brighter core. Shifting of the core not recognised, but the secondary mirror was possibly wet with dew. Higher magnification maybe advantageous.

EASY
René Merting
12.5" f/4.5, 144x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 144x ein auffallender, diffuser Nebel mit relativ großer Helligkeit im Norden - die Galaxie läuft nach Süden sehr diffus aus
EASY

H 1.216 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_091918.54_+691212.24_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC2787, UGC4914, H1.216
Type: GLX
Constellation: UMa
Coordinates: 09h19m18.54s / +69°12'12.24"
Brightness / Size: 10m8 / 3.1x1.8'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 5
At 37x roundish with slightly brighter core. At 100x slightly oval with brighter, extended core.
EASY

H 1.219 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_112443.63_+384546.05_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3665, UGC6426, H1.219
Type: GLX
Constellation: UMa
Coordinates: 11h24m43.63s / +38°45'46.05"
Brightness / Size: 10m8 / 3.5x3.0'
Robert Zebahl
120mm f/5, 48x, Bortle 6, NELM 5m0+, SQM-L 19.5
At 48x roundish, pretty compact, evenly bright. At 66x partially slightly oval, getting little brighter towards the middle.
MODERATE

H 1.222 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_113349.32_+530731.79_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3729, UGC6547, H1.222
Type: GLX
Constellation: UMa
Coordinates: 11h33m49.32s / +53°07'31.79"
Brightness / Size: 11m4 / 2.9x1.9'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4
At 37x seen as small nebula with direct vision. At 100x slightly oval, evenly bright. Moderately bright star on the southern edge.

EASY
René Merting
100mm f/6.4, 91x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 20x stellar sichtbar - bei 49x ist die Galaxie noch immer schwer greifbar - knapp südlich der Galaxie wird ein Stern sichtbar - bei 91x ist die Galaxie heller und damit besser sichtbar als NGC 3718

EASY
12.5" f/4.5, 72x, SQM-L 21.0
Nacht mit schlechtem Seeing - bei 36x zusammen mit NGC 3718 sofort direkt in einem Gesichtsfeld sichtbar, NGC 3729 klebt schön an einem Stern - auch bei 72x bildeten beide ein sehenswertes Pärchen - NGC 3729 wirkt im Westen ein wenig heller - dann begann das Leid ... alle Vergrößerungen darüber (160-240x) produzierten auf meinen Sehzellen lediglich recht diffuse leicht ovale Nebel
EASY

H 1.223 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_115925.19_+505742.08_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4026, UGC6985, H1.223
Type: GLX
Constellation: UMa
Coordinates: 11h59m25.19s / +50°57'42.08"
Brightness / Size: 10m8 / 4.7x1.2'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 6+, NELM 5m3, SQM-L 19.7
At 37x bright, compact nucleus, which is immediately apparent with direct vision. With averted vision the galaxy appears elongated, spindle-shaped, overall rather small. At 80x very bright, almost stellar nucleus. Spindle shape well noticeable. High surface brightness.

EASY
René Merting
12.5" f/4.5, 72x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 36x zeigt sich eine lange 3:1 elongierte Galaxie - bei 72x zur Mitte hin deutlich heller werdend mit fast stellarem Kern
EASY

H 1.224 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_120522.70_+502109.90_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4085, UGC7075, H1.224
Type: GLX
Constellation: UMa
Coordinates: 12h05m22.70s / +50°21'09.90"
Brightness / Size: 12m4 / 2.5x0.8'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 6+, NELM 5m3, SQM-L 19.7
At 80x small, elongated, pretty faint. At 150x well visible with averted vision and almost evenly bright.

MODERATE
René Merting
12.5" f/4.5, 111x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 72x sichtbar als dünner zarter Strich, wie ein kleiner Bruder von NGC 4088 - bei 111x zeigt sich, dass die Galaxie lange nicht so breit ist, wie der große Bruder - Elongation 4:1 - sie wirkt deutlich definierter als NGC 4088 und ist nur 1/3 so groß
EASY

H 1.225 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_120623.11_+524239.42_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4102, UGC7096, H1.225
Type: GLX
Constellation: UMa
Coordinates: 12h06m23.11s / +52°42'39.42"
Brightness / Size: 11m2 / 3.1x1.7'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4
Very bright, oval. Obvious. Seen with direct vision. Moderately bright star W.

EASY
René Merting
12.5" f/4.5, 144x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 72x direkt leicht länglich sichtbar, indirekt ist ein Stern an der Westflanke erkennbar - das Zentrum ist stark kondensiert - bei 144x zeigt sich ein zweigeteiltes Oval, zum einen der helle gut begrenzte helle Kern, an den zum anderen ein deutlich schwächerer Halo anschließt
EASY

H 1.226 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_112102.94_+531009.95_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3631, UGC6360, Arp27, H1.226
Type: GLX
Constellation: UMa
Coordinates: 11h21m02.94s / +53°10'09.95"
Brightness / Size: 10m4 / 5.0x4.8'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
At 37x moderately large, roundish, diffuse, nearly evenly bright with slightly brighter core. At 100x the core area is brighter, roundish and obviously extended. Bright core surrounded by faint halo. Core area seems little shifted to geometric center.
EASY

H 1.228 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_114915.37_+560503.66_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3898, UGC6787, H1.228
Type: GLX
Constellation: UMa
Coordinates: 11h49m15.37s / +56°05'03.66"
Brightness / Size: 10m7 / 3.8x2.6'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Very bright, round with obviously brighter, compact core.

EASY
René Merting
12.5" f/4.5, 144x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 45x hell, noch helleres Zentrum - bei 144x riesig, ein diffuser Nebelfleck mit einem sehr hellen diffusen Zentrum - Form nicht ganz rund
EASY

H 1.229 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_115756.13_+552712.92_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3998, UGC6946, H1.229
Type: GLX, SY
Constellation: UMa
Coordinates: 11h57m56.13s / +55°27'12.92"
Brightness / Size: 10m7 / 2.7x2.3'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Very bright with also very bright, stellar core. Outer region appeared round and faint. Stellar core fairly obvious at first glance.

EASY
René Merting
12.5" f/4.5, 144x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 144x sehr hell mit hellerem kompakten Zentrum, schwacher diffuser Halo
EASY

H 1.231 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_140443.24_+545333.43_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC5473, UGC9011, H1.231
Type: GLX
Constellation: UMa
Coordinates: 14h04m43.24s / +54°53'33.43"
Brightness / Size: 11m4 / 2.2x1.7'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Fairly small, roundish with obvious, brighter core.
EASY

H 1.236 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_142633.28_+563457.59_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC5631, UGC9261, H1.236
Type: GLX, SY2
Constellation: UMa
Coordinates: 14h26m33.28s / +56°34'57.59"
Brightness / Size: 11m5 / 2.0x2.0'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 96x, Bortle 5
Round, diffuse with obviously brighter core.

EASY
René Merting
12.5" f/4.5, 144x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 144x sehr hell mit deutlicher Helligkeitszunahme zum kompakt wirkenden Zentrum hin - schwache diffuse Außenbereiche
EASY

H 1.242 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_085332.74_+511849.35_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC2681, UGC4645, H1.242
Type: GLX
Constellation: UMa
Coordinates: 08h53m32.74s / +51°18'49.35"
Brightness / Size: 10m3 / 3.7x3.7'
Robert Zebahl
4.5" f/8, 112x, Bortle 6
Very bright, round, extended core with fainter halo.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Very bright, fairly compact but extended core area, surrounded by a faint, roundish to slightly oval halo. The bright core is evident at 37x, the fainter outer regions are well seen at 100x.
EASY

H 1.244 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_111921.62_+574527.66_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3619, UGC6330, H1.244
Type: GLX
Constellation: UMa
Coordinates: 11h19m21.62s / +57°45'27.66"
Brightness / Size: 11m5 / 2.7x2.3'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 200x, Bortle 7

FAILED
René Merting
12.5" f/4.5, 72x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 72x rundlich und zur Mitte heller werdend, aber insgesamt schwächer als NGC 3613 nördlich
EASY

H 1.249 (GLX)

../dss/dss2red_090733.53_+602845.44_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (red) - 5×5'
Name: NGC2742, NGC2816, UGC4779, H1.249
Type: GLX
Constellation: UMa
Coordinates: 09h07m33.53s / +60°28'45.44"
Brightness / Size: 11m4 / 3.0x1.5'
Robert Zebahl
152mm f/5.9, 100x, Bortle 6, SQM-L 19.4
Extremely faint, evenly bight, roundish to slightly oval.

DIFFICULT
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 5
Faint, slightly oval, evenly bright. At 37x barely seen with averted vision.

MODERATE
René Merting
12.5" f/4.5, 144x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 72x ein schöner homogen heller, leicht diffuser Fleck - elliptisch - bei 144x großflächig und relativ gut begrenzt
EASY

H 1.250 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_091137.50_+600213.95_9_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 9×9'
Name: NGC2768, UGC4821, H1.250
Group: NGC2768 Group
Type: GLX, SY
Constellation: UMa
Coordinates: 09h11m37.50s / +60°02'13.95"
Brightness / Size: 9m9 / 8.2x4.3'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 5
Elongated with bright, slightly elongated core area.

EASY
René Merting
12.5" f/4.5, 144x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 45x gut erkennbar, ein auffälliger Nebelfleck mit hellerem Zentrum - bei 72x leicht elliptisch, sehr diffus und sehr helles großflächiges Zentrum - bei 144x sehr helles, kompaktes Zentrum - diffuse Außenbereiche
EASY

H 1.251 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_115313.73_+604032.02_6_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 6×6'
Name: NGC3945, UGC6860, H1.251
Type: GLX
Constellation: UMa
Coordinates: 11h53m13.73s / +60°40'32.02"
Brightness / Size: 10m9 / 5.2x3.5'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 7
The bright, fairly compact core was well seen with averted vision. The fainter outer regions were not visible.
EASY

H 1.252 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_120212.17_+620814.23_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4041, UGC7014, H1.252
Type: GLX, SY
Constellation: UMa
Coordinates: 12h02m12.17s / +62°08'14.23"
Brightness / Size: 11m3 / 2.7x2.6'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 5
Nearly round, fairly faint with brighter, compact core.
EASY

H 1.253 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_120126.89_+615344.52_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4036, UGC7005, H1.253
Type: GLX
Constellation: UMa
Coordinates: 12h01m26.89s / +61°53'44.52"
Brightness / Size: 10m7 / 4.0x1.8'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 5
At 37x roundish with obviously brighter core. At 100x rather elongated.
EASY

H 1.256 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_134915.24_+601125.80_6_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 6×6'
Name: NGC5322, UGC8745, H1.256
Type: GLX, SY
Constellation: UMa
Coordinates: 13h49m15.24s / +60°11'25.80"
Brightness / Size: 10m2 / 6.0x4.1'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 5
Bright, nearly stellar core most evident. Fairly faint, roundish halo seen with averted vision.
EASY

H 1.270 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_111825.28_+584710.49_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3610, UGC6319, H1.270
Type: GLX
Constellation: UMa
Coordinates: 11h18m25.28s / +58°47'10.49"
Brightness / Size: 10m8 / 2.7x2.3'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 133x, Bortle 7
At 80x seen as fairly bright, very compact nebula. Appeared at 133x more extended.

EASY
René Merting
12.5" f/4.5, 144x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 45x auffällig als diffuser Nebel mit hellerem Zentrum - bei 144x zeigt NGC 3610 ein sehr helles kompaktes Zentrum, nach außen nimmt die Helligkeit schnell ab
EASY

H 1.271 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_111836.13_+575959.73_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3613, UGC6323, H1.271
Type: GLX
Constellation: UMa
Coordinates: 11h18m36.13s / +57°59'59.73"
Brightness / Size: 10m9 / 3.9x1.9'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 7
At 80x fairly small, at 200x slightly oval.

EASY
René Merting
12.5" f/4.5, 72x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 72x leicht länglich mit länglichem Zentrum - groß und hell, mit diffusen Rändern
EASY

H 1.285 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_094715.46_+675458.97_6_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 6×6'
Name: NGC2976, UGC5221, H1.285
Type: GLX
Constellation: UMa
Coordinates: 09h47m15.46s / +67°54'58.97"
Brightness / Size: 10m2 / 5.9x2.7'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 7
Barely seen with averted vision as very faint, oval brightening.

DIFFICULT
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Fairly large, faint, evenly bright.

EASY
René Merting
12.5" f/4.5, 144x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 45x schön hell und leicht länglich - am Westrand steht ein Sternchen - bei 144x ist NGC 2976 groß, gut definiert und homogen hell - Elongation 2:1 - bei 240x und 320x leider keine weiteren Details, auch wenn normalerweise das Dunkelband nordöstlich erkennbar sein sollte
EASY

H 1.286 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_100319.07_+684402.24_6_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 6×6'
Name: NGC3077, UGC5398, H1.286
Group: M81 Group
Type: GLX
Constellation: UMa
Coordinates: 10h03m19.07s / +68°44'02.24"
Brightness / Size: 10m1 / 5.4x4.5'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Roundish, brightening toward the middle.

EASY
René Merting
12.5" f/4.5, 72x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 36x ist die Galaxie sehr hell und kompakt - zur Mitte hin wird sie heller - bei 72x ein richtig heller Flups, das Zentrum ist nicht mehr stellar
EASY

H 2.730 (GLX)

../dss/dss1_113321.17_+470144.73_6_web.jpg
Image source: DSS I - 6×6'
Name: NGC3726, UGC6537, H2.730
Type: GLX
Constellation: UMa
Coordinates: 11h33m21.17s / +47°01'44.73"
Brightness / Size: 10m4 / 6.0x4.1'
Robert Zebahl
120mm f/5, 48x, Bortle 6, NELM 5m0+, SQM-L 19.5
At 48x and 66x pretty faint, roundish, evenly bright.

MODERATE
René Merting
12.5" f/4.5, 144x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 72x ein großer elliptischer Nebelfleck, der weichgezeichnet wirkt - an der Nordseite klebt ein hellerer Stern - bei 144x ein Riesenkleks mit leicht nach Süden verschobenem Zentrum, sehr diffus - Elongation 2:1
EASY

H 2.738 (GLX)

../dss/dss1_114838.21_+484238.84_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS I - 5×5'
Name: NGC3893, UGC6778, H2.738
Type: GLX
Constellation: UMa
Coordinates: 11h48m38.21s / +48°42'38.84"
Brightness / Size: 10m7 / 4.5x2.4'
Robert Zebahl
120mm f/5, 48x, Bortle 6, NELM 5m0+, SQM-L 19.5
At 23x roundish and rather faint. At 48x quite conspicuous, roundish to slightly oval, barely condensed, near a field star.

MODERATE
René Merting
12.5" f/4.5, 144x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 45x ein diffuser Nebelfleck - bei 144x hell, leicht unregelmäßig, geringfügig helleres Zentrum, das indirekt kompakt wirkt - am westlichen Rand knapp außerhalb ist ein schwacher Stern erkennbar
EASY

H 4.56 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_120309.69_+443152.54_6_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 6×6'
Name: NGC4051, UGC7030, H4.56
Group: M109 Group
Type: GLX, SY1
Constellation: UMa
Coordinates: 12h03m09.69s / +44°31'52.54"
Brightness / Size: 10m2 / 5.3x4.4'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Wonderful galaxy! Fairly large, faint. At 37x the surface brightness and shape seemed irregular. At 96x almost stellar core, which is located southwest of the geometric center. The galaxy appeared a bit unsymmetric.

EASY
René Merting
B 18x70, SQM-L 21.5
direkt sichtbar innerhalb einer schönen Sternspur - indirekt auffällig mit einem schwachen Stern westlich erkennbar - die Galaxie wirkt diffus und wird zur Mitte ganz leicht heller
EASY

H 4.60 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_103845.86_+533011.89_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3310, UGC5786, Arp217, H4.60
Type: GLX
Constellation: UMa
Coordinates: 10h38m45.86s / +53°30'11.89"
Brightness / Size: 10m6 / 3.1x2.4'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.2
At 37x quite compact, high surface brightness. Can be easily overlooked. At 80x the galaxy appears more like a planetary nebula, evenly bright, round with a well defined shape. At 200x the center appears a bit brighter. The galaxy fades toward north and northeast, whereby the brighter center seems to be slightly shifted southwards.

EASY
René Merting
100mm f/6.4, 160x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 24x ist die Galaxie wie ein schwaches Sternchen im Sternumfeld erkennbar - bei 71x beginnt sie flächig zu wirken, das Zentrum zeigt sich kompakt - Vergrößerung bis 160x getrieben, dann wirkt die Galaxie wie viele PN, die bei hohen Vergrößerungen anfangen, flächig zu wirken - die schwächeren Außenbereiche bleiben unzugänglich

EASY
12.5" f/4.5, 160x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 36x ist die Galaxie erkennbar nahe einem hellgelben Stern - bei 72x wird das kompakte helle Zentrum sichtbar, die Ränder sind schwer definierbar - auch bei 160x und 240x ist vor allem der kompakte helle Kern sichtbar - die Galaxie wirkt leicht strukturiert
EASY

H 4.61 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_115735.98_+532228.27_8_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 8×8'
Name: M109, NGC3992, UGC6937, H4.61
Type: GLX
Constellation: UMa
Coordinates: 11h57m35.98s / +53°22'28.27"
Brightness / Size: 9m8 / 7.5x4.4'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Oval with slightly brighter core, otherwise fairly faint. At 100x north of the core a faint field star seen with averted vision. Core seems slightly elongated.

EASY
René Merting
B 8x20, SQM-L 21.5
lange geschaut - trotzdem nix zu holen

FAILED
B 10x50, SQM-L 21.5
indirekt sichtbar mit stellarem Zentrum

MODERATE
B 16x70, SQM-L 21.5
indirekt als matter runder Schimmer erkennbar, der zur Mitte leicht heller wird

MODERATE
B 18x70, SQM-L 21.5
als homogen heller diffuser Schimmer nordöstlich von einem mittelhellen Stern ausmachbar

EASY
12.5" f/4.5, 160x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 36x ein länglicher heller diffuser Fleck, der in der Mitte leicht heller ist - bei 72x verbessert sich die Sichtbarkeit, die Galaxie bleibt diffus mit stellarem Zentrum - ein schwacher Stern im Westen und ein hellerer Stern im Osten rahmen die Galaxie ein - nordöstlich des Zentrums wird hin und wieder eine stellare Aufhellung sichtbar - bei 160x ist das Zentrum jetzt sehr hell und flächig - jeweils 2 Sterne östlich und westlich werden sichtbar, wobei die beiden östlichen Sterne die Galaxie nicht berühren
EASY

H 4.62 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_115628.17_+550731.30_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3982, UGC6918, H4.62
Type: GLX, SY1
Constellation: UMa
Coordinates: 11h56m28.17s / +55°07'31.30"
Brightness / Size: 11m0 / 2.3x2.0'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4
Very bright, obvious. Already seen at 37x as roundish, evenly bright nebula. At 100x roundish with slightly brighter core, otherwise evenly bright.

EASY
René Merting
12.5" f/4.5, 144x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 144x direkt auffällig - rundlich, diffus und homogen hell
EASY

H 4.68 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_094235.12_+585104.39_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC2950, UGC5176, H4.68
Type: GLX
Constellation: UMa
Coordinates: 09h42m35.12s / +58°51'04.39"
Brightness / Size: 10m9 / 2.7x1.8'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4
Nearly stellar core with faint, slightly oval halo.
EASY

H 4.79 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_095552.43_+694046.93_12_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 12×12'
Name: M82, NGC3034, UGC5322, Arp337, H4.79
Group: M81 Group, Virgo Supercluster
Type: GLX
Constellation: UMa
Coordinates: 09h55m52.43s / +69°40'46.93"
Brightness / Size: 8m4 / 11.2x4.3'
Robert Zebahl
B 8x20, Bortle 3-, SQM-L 21.3
Very thin, elongated, evenly bright, faint.

MODERATE
B 8x40, Bortle 7, NELM 5m0, SQM-L 19.2
Elongated, thin, evenly bright. At the limit of perception.

DIFFICULT
B 8x40, Bortle 5+, NELM 5m7+, SQM-L 20.9
Very elongated, thin, evenly bright. Not particularly evident. Only well visible with averted vision.

EASY
70mm f/5.7, 12x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.3
At 12x easily visible as elongated nebula. At 112x the dark lanes were pretty evident with averted vision.

EASY
80mm f/6.25, 25x, Bortle 6, NELM 5m0, SQM-L 19.4
At 25x elongated, fairly thin, nearly evenly bright. Barely visible with direct vision. At 62x I could glimpse at least 2 dark lanes.

EASY
4.5" f/8, 28x
Observation from outskirts at almost full moon with a angular distance of 60° from M82! At 28x barely seen with direct vision, very elongated, fairly thin, nearly evenly bright. Cigar-shaped. At 72x 2-3 dark lanes visible with averted vision, most obvious on the eastern edge.

EASY
120mm f/5, 18x, NELM 5m0
Observation at full moon: At 18x thin, elongated, evenly bright. At 75x 2 dark lanes apparent with averted vision.

EASY
120mm f/5, 86x, Bortle 6, SQM-L 19.3

../sketches/2019-02-26_m82.jpg

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Very bright, cigar-shaped, slight brightening toward the middle. At 100x up to three dark lanes across the width are evident with averted vision. The dark lane on the east side is most obvious. Awesome!

EASY
René Merting
B 8x20, SQM-L 21.5
direkt schmal und kompakt sichtbar - indirekt Elongation 2:1

EASY
B 10x50, SQM-L 21.5
länglicher gleichmäßig heller Nebelfleck

EASY
B 16x70, SQM-L 21.5
klein kompakt, hell und ein wenig gebogen wie ein Pinselstrich - zwei stellare Aufhellungen an einem Ende

EASY
B 18x70, SQM-L 21.5
eine schmale kompakte Galaxie oberhalb von zwei Sternen - M 82 wirkt sich leicht unruhig im Helligkeitsverlauf

EASY
12.5" f/4.5, 206x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 36x ist ein 3:1 elongierter Nebel mit relativ scharfer Abgrenzung zu sehen - das Ostende wirkt breiter - östlich vom Zentrum ist ein Kern erkennbar - bei 72x sind dunkle Flecken/Einkerbungen nahe dem Zentrum erkennbar - das Helligkeitszentrum scheint leicht nach Osten verschoben zu sein - bei 206x werden die Einkerbungen sehr deutlich, vor allem südlich
EASY

H 5.45 (GLX)

../dss/dss2red_115349.03_+521935.55_7_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (red) - 7×7'
Name: NGC3953, UGC6870, H5.45
Group: M109 Group
Type: GLX
Constellation: UMa
Coordinates: 11h53m49.03s / +52°19'35.55"
Brightness / Size: 10m1 / 6.9x3.5'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Appeared fairly thin, elongated. The core area seemed mottled at 80x with averted vision.

EASY
René Merting
12.5" f/4.5, 72x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 72x zeigt sich diese ovale Galaxie deutlich heller als M 109, aber auch kompakter - das Zentrum ist heller
EASY

H 5.46 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_111130.97_+554026.84_9_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 9×9'
Name: M108, NGC3556, UGC6225, H5.46
Type: GLX
Constellation: UMa
Coordinates: 11h11m30.97s / +55°40'26.84"
Brightness / Size: 10m0 / 8.7x2.2'
Robert Zebahl
70mm f/5.7, 44x, Bortle 6, NELM 5m0+, SQM-L 19.4
At 22x the galaxy appears only extremely faint, elongated, rather evenly bright. At 44x quite well visible with averted vision, but still pretty faint, clearly elongated and getting slightly brighter towards the middle. Nothing obvious by any means. Fainter than Messier 97.

MODERATE
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
At 37x thin, very elongated, nearly evenly bright. At 100x slightly brighter core. Near the core an evident foreground star. Clearly mottled with averted vision.

EASY
René Merting
B 8x20, SQM-L 21.5
trotz Zenitbeobachtung kein Schimmer

FAILED
B 8x30, SQM-L 21.5
indirekt ist ganz schwach ein leicht länglicher, kompakter Nebelhauch erkennbar - Elongation zeigt leicht unterhalb der Sterne entlang, die westlich von M 108 stehen

DIFFICULT
B 10x50, SQM-L 21.5
Zenitbeobachtung - indirekt blitzt ab und an ein schwacher diffuser kompakter Nebel auf - leichte OW-Elongation erkennbar

MODERATE
B 16x70, SQM-L 21.5
ein diffuser länglicher Schimmer, die Ausrichtung verläuft ostwestlich, die westliche Spitze zeigt knapp unterhalb der beiden hellen Sterne entlang

EASY
B 18x70, SQM-L 21.5
auffallend, direkt als 4:1 langer gut definierter Nebelstrich erkennbar - homogen hell

EASY
12.5" f/4.5, 36x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 36x ist die Galaxie sehr deutlich und der Vordergrundstern im Zentrum ist auffällig - indirekt wirkt sie recht unregelmäßig und 3:1 elongiert, sie reicht aber nicht bis zum nahen Stern
EASY

H 5.47 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_100157.80_+554047.24_9_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 9×9'
Name: NGC3079, UGC5387, H5.47
Group: NGC3079 Group
Type: GLX, SY2
Constellation: UMa
Coordinates: 10h01m57.80s / +55°40'47.24"
Brightness / Size: 10m9 / 8.1x1.3'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Fairly bright, very elongated, thin. Well seen with averted vision. At 150x the core appears wider and slightly brighter. Evident with direct vision.
EASY